Gore District is a fertile place of green lush farmland and forest, laced with sparkling clean water. The town of Gore is the main commercial centre for a large rural area and is situated 64 km northeast of Invercargill and 160km south of Queenstown at the south end of the South Island , New Zealand.
The last intertribal Maori wars took place between the Southland iwi’s (tribes) and northern invaders at Tuturau, south of Mataura, in 1836. Repelling the threat of the northern iwi’s (tribes) insured that the lands remained in the hands of the Southern iwi’s (tribes).
During the mid 1800’s the first European settlers in the area mainly came from England and Scotland. With the discovery of gold in 1863 at Waikaia (known as Switzer at that time), it became home to 2000 people trying to make their fortune. In 1867 around 800 miners, whom were mostly Chinese discovered gold in Waikawa, by 1870 most of the miners had moved on. By 1900, around 30 gold dredges began working the Waikaka River.
The prohibition of alcohol around the early 1900’s plus the depression, led people to establish moonshine (alcohol) stills within the Hokonui Hills and surrounding areas creating the ‘Hokonui Moonshine’. There is a history of local authorities mounting some famous raids on these illegal moonshine stills.
Originally known as Longford, Gore was renamed after Sir Thomas Gore Browne an early Governor of New Zealand from 1855 to 1861.
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Internationally renowned as the world capital of Brown Trout fishing, Gore develops a ‘global feel’ as anglers from many countries visit to test their skill against the wily Brown Trout. Gore is the also country music capital of New Zealand . Visit the old Mandeville airfield, just 10minutes drive from Gore and experience the thrill of flying in a Tiger Moth or one of the other vintage aircraft available for hire.
Gore is a district covering some 1,250 square km, with a population of approximately 13,000. Gore is divided by the Mataura River.
Climate is generally moist and temperatures are usually moderate to mild.
The township of Gore has a wide variety of shops friendly locals, and a very pleasant atmosphere. The main street is an enjoyable stroll with its paved curbs and inviting rest areas.